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Mastitis is characterized by nonmalignant changes to the tissue of a woman’s mammary glands. Mastitis can occur among women of all ages, but most often observed in lactating women from 25 to 45 years. Statistically, 60% to 80% of all women will experience some degree of suffering related to mastitis.

The reasons for mastitis occurrence
An underlying cause of mastitis can be an imbalance in a woman’s hormonal system. During normal functioning of a female organism, the monthly hormonal changes lead to cyclic changes including within the mammary glands. Imbalances during the hormonal cycle can make a woman susceptible to the occurrence of mastitis. The risk factors that raise the probability of mastitis occurance include the following:

1. An inflammation of the uterine appendages transferred by the patient.

2. Hereditary factors – presence of diseases of mammary glands among ancestral women.
3. Previous occurrence.
4. Thyroid gland diseases.
5. Diseases of the liver and an excess bile secretion.
6. Diabetes, obesity, vascular constrictions.
7. A chronic lack of iodine of the body.
8. Stress, depression, and irregular sexual life.
9. Abortions, mammary gland traumas, alcohol, smoking, radiation.
10. Late first pregnancy; a short period of breast feeding.
11. Wearing bra too tightly thereby restricting milk flow within mammary glands.
12. At the beginning of monthly periods and after the termination.

Mastitis is a disease which can stem from a complex of factors and so a healthy lifestyle considerably reduces risk of occurrence of it. If you are in a high risk group it is necessary to conduct more frequent inspections. In the early stages mastitis can be effectively treated to fully eliminate symptoms of disease.

Symptoms of mastitis
The basic symptoms of mastitis are noticeable consolidations or knots of the various sizes and forms in mammary glands. Less often mastitis can appear with reddening discolorations from the nipple which can have bloody, light or dark color. Dark and bloody allocation can be indicative of serious pathologies or pre-cancerous condition in a mammary gland.

Knots and consolidations, in most cases, do not cause anxiety for most women and frequently patients do not pay special attention. Painful sensations appear a few days before monthly periods, consolidations become painful. Painful sensations quickly pass with the beginning monthly periods. It is connected with hormonal changes which occur on the “critical days.”

Consolidations and internal formations of mastitis can develop to be painful to the touch. The initial formation and development of central mastitis can lead to painful sensations transferred to the shoulder and armpit. Pain can occur even with the slightest touch to a breast.

Classification of mastitis
Depending on presentation and character of mastitis, it is classified (under methodology based on Ministry of Health recommendations) as follows:

1. Diffuse mastitis:

  • With prevalence of a ferriferous component,
  • With prevalence of a fibrous component,
  • With prevalence of cystophorous a component,
  • The mixed form.

2. Central mastitis
Diagnosis of mastitis
Mastitis in 90 % of cases can be diagnosed initially by the woman. If upon carrying out a self-examination you have found signs of mastitis. it is desirable to visit your doctor to conduct a more detailed exam.

Diagnosis by the doctor also begins with physical examination and the evaluation of the patient’s description of symptoms and sensations is the most important input for developing a diagnosis. The examination approach is defined by the doctor on the basis of the collected anamnesis (patient history) and specific features. The examination approach can include ultrasonic or the mammography of the mammary gland, bio-contrast mammography, histological researches, blood analysis of hormones, etc. Obtaining the results of examination and testing of the patient may require one to several days. Based on the results of diagnostic examination and testing, the exact diagnosis is made and corresponding treatment is determined.

Treatment of mastitis
Mastitis in the majority of cases does not cause anxiety in women, especially among those younger than 30 years. Unfortunately, mastitis is a disease that can progress in due course and may not by itself resolve. Based on this, we recommend all women who have a suspicion of mastitis (by results of self-survey or appearance of characteristic symptoms), as soon as possible to visit the doctor for treatment as this is the right step which will best allow a woman to avoid future occurrence of mastitis.

After careful examination the doctor defines the treatment protocol which can be directed toward normalization of endocrinal processes of the body, direct influence on new growths, and immune therapy.

Mastitis is treated by hormonal/steroid and non- hormonal/steroidal methods. Effectiveness of each of the methods depends on specific features of the given case and other factors. Treatment is directed, first of all, on elimination of the causes which have resulted in the upsetting of hormonal balance in the system and elimination of these causes. In certain cases treatment begins with normalization of the functioning of nervous system, kidneys and liver.

For treatment of the advanced stage of central mastitis, surgical treatment is recommended that would be accompanying by administration of medicine of the specific therapy.
When competently administered, such a treatment protocol, in most cases provides complete resolution of mastitis within 1 month and should be followed up with further visits to the gynecologist 1-2 times a year for control exams. Only a systematic treatment protocol, under competent medical supervision yields desirable results. While in treatment, a balanced diet is necessary and it is also necessary to avoid overcooling and overheating (such as sauna visits).

Mastitis when caught at early stages allows for conservative treatment and it is possible to be rid of this unpleasant illness almost completely.

Preventive maintenance of mastitis

Preventive maintenance of mastitis is, first of all, a healthy and active way of life. The diet should contain sufficient iodine, normal sleep patterns should be consistently maintained, regular physical activities undertaken, and avoid injury to breast tissue and stresses.

The patches for the treatment of mastitis and benign tumors in the breast (Breast Plasters) is a most convenient and preferred preventative that can be a desirable alternative to surgery or chemical treatment. This is a painless and potentially more effective therapeutic approach.

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