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Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual, usually with many long sharp spines on the leaves. Plants are 30 to 150 cm tall with globular flower heads (capitula) and commonly, brilliant yellow, orange or red flowers. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 […]


Liquorice or licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a sweet flavour can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume (related to beans and peas) that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia. It is not related to Anise, Star Anise, or Fennel, which are the sources of similar flavouring […]

Cibotium barometz

Cibotium barometz, golden chicken fern, woolly fern, is a species of tree fern in the fern family Dicksoniaceae. C. barometz is native to parts of China and to the western part of the Malay Peninsula. The plant grows only to a height of 1 meter, when erect, but is often prostrate, forming colonies of plants […]

Lotus Leaf

What is lotus leaf? What is it used for? Lotus node comes from the lotus, a perennial aquatic plant related to the water lily. It grows throughout the tropical regions of Asia and the Middle East, with light green leaves and vibrant white flowers. The leaves can grow extremely large at times, reaching more than […]

Cinnamomum camphora

Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as Camphor tree, Camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20–30 metres tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and smell of camphor when crushed. In spring it produces bright green foliage with masses of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black berry-like […]


D-glucose or dextrose or grape sugar is the dextro-isomer of glucose (C6H12O6). The molecule is the mirror-image of L-glucose. D-glucose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) and an important carbohydrate in biology. Cells use it as a source of energy and a metabolic intermediate. Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and starts cellular […]


Biological Description Drynaria is a genus of large ferns most commonly spread in the tropical forests. The numerous species of the fern mostly vary by types of the frond: from the large, long, spore-bearing fronds, to short, sometimes rounded fronds, which collect leaf litter and debris. Drynaria species are called “basket ferns” due to their […]

Tuckahoe (Fu Ling)

Tuckahoe ( Fu Ling ) Chinese Herbs Articles, also known as yun ling, bai fu ling, fang ling kuai, chuan ling, huo shen, huo shem mu, chi huo ling, huo ling pi, zhu fu ling. It belong to the “Polyporaceae” family. Tuckahoe ( Fu Ling ) has a sweet, bland and neutral properties. It is […]

Achyránthes bidentáta Blume

Achyranthes bidentata Blume is a species of Achyranthes that grows in India, Nepal, China, and Japan. It is the source of Huái niú x?, a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory activities. In Nepal its root juice is used for toothache. Its seeds have been used as a substitute for cereal grains in famine years. Incoming […]

Plantago asiatica

Description: It is in flower from July to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by Wind. The plant is self-fertile. The plant prefers sandy loamy and clay soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist […]


Gynura aurantiaca, DC. Velvet Tree. Stout and branchy, 2-3 ft., with almost succulent sts. densely clothed with violet or purple hairs: lvs. large and soft, ovate, jagged- toothed, hairy, short-petioled or the upper ones clasping, overlaid with iridescent purple: heads in a terminal cluster, yellow or orange. Java.—A handsome foliage plant. In winter it may […]

Coptis chinensis

Rhizome of Coptis Chinensis is also called Huang Lian in Chinese. Typically the root part of Coptis Chinensis is what is used. This evergreen perennial grows in damp marshes and swamp like areas of heavily wooded regions. Coptis Chinensis grows low to the ground and creeps along the soft and wet locations. Scientific research shows […]